The Prime Minister Shinzo Abe of Japan announced, after only a year of services, that he is stepping down. This announcement came as a surprise and is so new it isn't even up on the Prime Minister's web site (as of 10:30 MST). In a parliamentary system, such as Japan's, the prime minister can resign and the party (not the people) will elect a new prime minister without holding elections.
Want to read more about this? Check out the New York Time's "Prime Minister of Japan will Step Down."
Want to learn more about Japan and its government? Check out the library's guide.